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There are a number of documents that may be helpful when making decisions regarding the administrative systems for your online learning program. These documents are listed below and were used as input in the creation of this category. In some cases, content or resources have been taken directly from one of these documents as indicated in footnotes throughout the section. The specific references are found in the Footnote section below. If the publication is available online, a link is also provided.

Useful Documents

A National Primer on K-12 Online Learning. This iNACOL publication written by John Watson provides a good overview for people just getting started with online learning.

Management and Operations of Online Programs. This document from the iNACOL Promising Practices Series written by John Watson and Butch Gemin provide information about all aspects of online learning program operations.


1 Watson, John & Gemin, Butch. (2009). iNACOL Promising Practices in Online Learning. Management and Operations of Online Programs: Ensuring Quality and Accountability. International Association for K-12 Online Learning. Page 18.

2 Virtual learning environment. (2010, July 11). Retrieved July 16, 2010, from Wikipedia website: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Virtual_learning_environment

3 Each time an update is made to a learning object, a new version of the object is created. All versions of an object can be stored in the repository. As a result it is possible to have courses or course instances use different versions of a learning object if for some reason there is a reason why the latest version shouldn’t be used.

4 Examples taken from: Wicks, Matthew. (2010). A National Primer on K-12 Online Learning. Version 2. International Association for K-12 Online Learning.

5 Walpole, Jeff. (2008, November). Open Source vs. Vendor-Provided Software: Compaing Them Side by Side. Retrieved July 31, 2010, from idealware website: http://www.idealware.org/articles/open-source-vs-vendor-provided-software